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Iranian Drones Shift Battlefield Dynamics in Sudanese Civil War

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louis Buyisiwe

Apr 11, 2024

Iran's support for the Sudanese army through these drones is viewed as part of a broader strategy

Iran's support for the Sudanese army through these drones is viewed as part of a broader strategy to cement its influence in strategically important regions like the Red Sea. This area is critical for global power dynamics, particularly given its proximity to conflict zones like Yemen, where Iranian-backed groups have been active.
The deployment of these more advanced drones marks a significant upgrade from the SAF's earlier reliance on older UAVs and conventional military assets

In the ongoing Sudanese civil war, the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) have notably shifted the battlefield dynamics using Iranian-made drones. This strategic enhancement has enabled the SAF to reclaim territories near the capital by effectively countering the Rapid Support Force (RSF), a formidable rival paramilitary group. These drones have been particularly effective since their deployment from the Wadi Sayidna base, located north of Khartoum, where they have been instrumental in monitoring and targeting RSF positions.


The deployment of these more advanced drones marks a significant upgrade from the SAF's earlier reliance on older UAVs and conventional military assets, which had limited success against RSF fighters entrenched in densely populated areas. Eyewitness accounts from Omdurman, a critical city adjacent to Khartoum, highlight the drones' role in disrupting RSF operations and facilitating ground force advancements.


Despite the clear battlefield utility of these drones, the origin and procurement methods of these Iranian-made UAVs remain undisclosed, with senior Sudanese military officials denying direct acquisition from Iran.


The resurgence of diplomatic ties between Sudan and Iran has been noted, yet official military cooperation has not been confirmed. The RSF has recognized its setbacks in Omdurman and attributes them to the SAF's use of these drones, among other military assets, although it has not provided concrete evidence.


Iran's support for the Sudanese army through these drones is viewed as part of a broader strategy to cement its influence in strategically important regions like the Red Sea.

This area is critical for global power dynamics, particularly given its proximity to conflict zones like Yemen, where Iranian-backed groups have been active.

The introduction of Iranian UAVs in Sudan complicates the geopolitical landscape, potentially affecting Sudan's relations with international stakeholders, including the United States.


The U.S. has expressed concerns over Iranian military support in Sudan, emphasizing the need for careful navigation of international alliances and support mechanisms in the region.

The conflict, which has escalated tensions and humanitarian crises in Sudan, is further complicated by regional dynamics and international interests, underscoring the complex interplay of local conflicts and global geopolitics.

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